Australia is a world of many wonders. Australia stands as the superlative of the world and earns the title as the largest island, smallest and oldest continent, and arguably the most beautiful and serene.
Australia’s untouched beauty ranges from the pristine alpine mountains to the dry endless sand dunes of the interior while rimming the country’s borders with glamorous white sand beaches.
It is home to the world-renowned Great Barrier Reef which is the only living entity visible from space. Australia is a sparsely populated country with most of its urbanised towns located in the Southern and Eastern parts.
Much of the more hospitable lands are centred on the coasts. The country comprises of one enormous landmass and numerous small islands namely Christmas Islands, Whitsundays Lord Howe island, Norfolk island, Tasmania, etc
The Australian hip cities frequently top the charts as one of the most livable cities filled with rich cultures from across the globe. The major cities are peppered around the coast except for the capital, Canberra which sits in the bush as the political centre earning the name of the Bush capital.
The first British settlement in the late 18th century was not the first people in Australia. Before this Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians otherwise known as the Australian aboriginals, who spoke approximately 250 different language groups.
Aboriginals who had lived on the land were nomadic and believed the land and life was sacred and not meant to be tampered by any means. The country was isolated from the rest of the world which left the indigenous culture to thrive and prosper apart from some Indonesian traders who had traded with Aboriginals from the Northern coast.
Australia was unknown to Europeans until the Dutch discovered it and thought it was dry and unfit for colonisation compared to the lucrative Spice Islands. Later the British colonised it in late 1700’s particularly in the south-east and then developed into Modern Australia.
The Australian Federation is now made up of 6 states and two territories.
While Australia was growing in the 1800’s, there was a Gold Rush which brought many foreign visitors to settle while exploring a whole lot of wealth, especially into Melbourne. This gave rise to what is now the Great Southern Land.
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Measurement: Australia uses the metric system. Click here to make easy conversions from the imperial system.
Tipping: Tipping is not necessarily a custom in Australia. Service workers are paid decently; it is at your discretion to tip when a fantastic job is done. These days, tipping is becoming slightly more common in the more tourist areas so go ahead.
Any Other information: Tourist Refund Scheme (TRS) lets you claim a refund of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Wine Equalisation Tax (WET) that you pay on certain goods while you are in Australia. These items need to be taken with you when you leave Australia in your checked luggage or carry-on bags.